• analysis of costs and returns of groundnut processing

    Analysis of Costs And Returns of Groundnut Processing

    ABSTRACT: This study analyzed the costs and return of groundnut processing in Taraba State, Nigeria. A purposive and three-stage sampling technique were adopted in selecting the data used for the study from a sample of 170 groundnut processors.

  • gross margin analysis of modern groundnut oil extraction

    Gross Margin Analysis of Modern Groundnut Oil Extraction

    Costs in processing and marketing of groundnut products were grouped basically into two; the fixed costs and the variable costs, while returns were obtained from the sales of groundnut oil (GNO) and groundnut cake (GNC).

  • (pdf) costs and returns of groundnut processing among

    (PDF) Costs and Returns of Groundnut Processing Among

    The research examined the costs and returns of groundnut processing in Sokoto State, Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to select one hundred groundnut processors proportionate to the population. Data were generated through the use of

  • profitability analysis of groundnuts processing

    Profitability Analysis of Groundnuts Processing

    economic characteristics of groundnut processors, estimate the costs and returns in groundnut processing and determine the return on investment in groundnut processing in the study area. Structured questionnaires were administered to the sixty respondents and the data were analyzed by the use of descriptive statistics, gross margin and return on investment analysis. The results indicated

  • an economic analysis of groundnut (arachis hypogea

    An economic analysis of groundnut (Arachis hypogea

    Gross margin analysis was used to estimate cost and returns from groundnut production for the study. The findings revealed that male farmers dominated groundnuts farming in the study area which constituted 57% of the respondents and the study further revealed that they had acquired one form of formal education or the other.

  • analysis of the groundnut value chain in ghana

    Analysis of the Groundnut Value Chain in Ghana

    07.06.2017· Estimates of costs and returns indicate that, for every litre of groundnut oil and kilogramme of paste produced along the oil and paste chain respectively, the farmer benefits most when he/she sells groundnut in the shelled form. This is followed by the distributor, the retailer of processed output and finally the processor.

  • analysis of the groundnut value chain in ghana

    Analysis of the Groundnut Value Chain in Ghana

    Performance of the groundnut value chain in Ghana was analysed by collecting primary data through the use of semi-structured questionnaire. The data was collected from 300 farmers in the Northern, Upper East and Upper West regions coupled by eighty 80 distributors, 60 processors and 100 consumers respectively in the Brong-Ahafo and Greater Accra Regions.

  • analysis of profitability of groundnut production

    Analysis of Profitability of Groundnut Production

    requirement by companies involved in processing [6]. he foregoing scenario with a view to improving the productivity and efficiency of groundnut producers through the investigation of the nature of productivity and efficiency in their production. Cost refers to the value of the inputs used in production while profits are obtained by subtracting the cost from revenue [7]. So, the more one

  • quest journals : home

    Quest Journals : Home

    Author: HP Created Date: 12/5/2017 4:39:00 AM

  • traditional and modern groundnut processing and

    TRADITIONAL AND MODERN GROUNDNUT PROCESSING AND

    3.4.2 Profit Function Analysis 65 3.4.3 Value addition model 66 3.4.3 Johansen trace test 67 4.5 Value Added by Processing Groundnut into GNC and GNC 100 . ix 4.5.1Test of significance of value added 102 4.6 Level of Integration of Markets Groundnut oil (GNO) and Groundnut cake (GNC) 103 4.6.1 Result of the unit root test 104 4.6.2 Result of the Johansen test for co-integration 105 4.6.3

  • analysis of incentives and disincentives for groundnuts

    Analysis of incentives and disincentives for groundnuts

    The observed Nominal Rate of Protection (NRP, green line) indicates that groundnut farmers have received both disincentives (2005, 2007 and 2008) and incentives (2006, 2009 and 2010) under the prevailing cost structure in the value chain. The adjusted NRP (blue line) captures the effects of market inefficiencies on farmers. The area in red

  • cost and return analysis of ginger production in the

    Cost and Return Analysis of Ginger Production in the

    The study focuses on the cost and return analysis of ginger production in the guinea savannah agro ecology of Nigeria. The study is aimed at highlighting the profitability of ginger production with a view to informing and influencing farmers and relevant stakeholders. The study was conducted at Kajuru, Kaduna state in the Guinea Savannah agro ecological zone of Nigeria, during the 2010 and

  • economic risks of aflatoxin contamination in marketing of

    Economic Risks of Aflatoxin Contamination in Marketing of

    Groundnut (or peanut) (Arachis hypogaea L.) Estimated costs and returns for processing peanut, using 2,400 kg of whole grain peanut per month, under the following assumptions. (i) Case 1: peanut is normally purchased at $0.15 per kilogram and sold at $7.35 a bassin of peanut butter. (ii) Case 2: peanut is purchased at different price due to storage length and sorting. Hence, to compensate

  • commission for agricultural costs and prices

    Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices

    Costs and returns during 2013-14 to 2015-16 and cost projections for Kharif Marketing Season 2018-19 including issues like inter-crop price parity are analysed in Chapter 5. Non-price and price policy recommendations are given in the Chapter 6. Preparation of this report required efforts of a number of individuals and institutions. First and foremost, I would like to express my sincere thanks

  • olumakinde, o. (2013), groundnut oil processing factory:

    Olumakinde, O. (2013), Groundnut Oil Processing Factory:

    Olumakinde, O. (2013), Groundnut Oil Processing Factory: A Business (92.3% and 91.6%) components of processing costs for RMP-12 and Ex-dakar groundnut varieties respectively. The gross ratio and operating ratio were all < 1, meaning that the business was profitable. Also, the returns per naira of RMP-12 and Ex-dakar were ₦ 0.17 ($ 0.0006) and ₦ 0.25 ($0.0009) respectively. The

  • cost–benefit analysis

    Cost–benefit analysis

    Cost–benefit analysis (CBA), sometimes also called benefit–cost analysis or benefit costs analysis, is a systematic approach to estimating the strengths and weaknesses of alternatives used to determine options which provide the best approach to achieving benefits while preserving savings (for example, in transactions, activities, and functional business requirements).

  • the a to z of oil palm farming (costs and returns

    The A to Z Of Oil Palm Farming (Costs And Returns

    Have also decided to break it down the costs and returns analysis of some tree crops like Oil palm, Cashew, Cocoa, Citrus, Kolanut etc (may God give me the time) But this particular thread will be dedicated to OIL PALM farming. I will also try to open a new thread for the rest of the crops i mentioned earlier very soon. I want it to be an interactive one and let's try to avoid insult that can

  • economics of groundnut production among smallholder

    Economics of Groundnut Production among Smallholder

    The analysis found that groundnut production is profitable with an average gross margin of N97,477.80, total revenue of N167,160, and net farm income of N 94,540.64 per hectare. The regression analysis indicated that Cobb-Douglas production function gave the best fit with R2 value of 0.748, implying that the specified factor inputs in the regression equation explained up to 74.8% of the

  • march 2014 agricultural value chain analysis in

    March 2014 AGRICULTURAL VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS IN

    march 2014 agricultural value chain analysis in northern uganda: maize, rice, groundnuts, sunflower and sesame mr. ian dalipagic dr. gabriel elepu

  • home food and agriculture organization of the united

    Home Food and Agriculture Organization of the United

    Home Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • economic risks of aflatoxin contamination in marketing of

    Economic Risks of Aflatoxin Contamination in Marketing of

    Groundnut (or peanut) (Arachis hypogaea L.) Estimated costs and returns for processing peanut, using 2,400 kg of whole grain peanut per month, under the following assumptions. (i) Case 1: peanut is normally purchased at $0.15 per kilogram and sold at $7.35 a bassin of peanut butter. (ii) Case 2: peanut is purchased at different price due to storage length and sorting. Hence, to compensate

  • economics of groundnut production among smallholder

    Economics of Groundnut Production among Smallholder

    The analysis found that groundnut production is profitable with an average gross margin of N97,477.80, total revenue of N167,160, and net farm income of N 94,540.64 per hectare. The regression analysis indicated that Cobb-Douglas production function gave the best fit with R2 value of 0.748, implying that the specified factor inputs in the regression equation explained up to 74.8% of the

  • olumakinde, o. (2013), groundnut oil processing factory:

    Olumakinde, O. (2013), Groundnut Oil Processing Factory:

    Olumakinde, O. (2013), Groundnut Oil Processing Factory: A Business (92.3% and 91.6%) components of processing costs for RMP-12 and Ex-dakar groundnut varieties respectively. The gross ratio and operating ratio were all < 1, meaning that the business was profitable. Also, the returns per naira of RMP-12 and Ex-dakar were ₦ 0.17 ($ 0.0006) and ₦ 0.25 ($0.0009) respectively. The

  • march 2014 agricultural value chain analysis in

    March 2014 AGRICULTURAL VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS IN

    march 2014 agricultural value chain analysis in northern uganda: maize, rice, groundnuts, sunflower and sesame mr. ian dalipagic dr. gabriel elepu

  • how to do a cost analysis: 14 steps (with pictures)

    How to Do a Cost Analysis: 14 Steps (with Pictures)

    20.09.2019· A cost analysis tool is another name for a cost analysis, which is a process that a company or organization can use to analyze decisions or potential projects to determine its value before they pursue it. The tool is built by identifying the benefits of a potential project, as well as its costs to determine its feasibility. Thanks! Yes No. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 0. Question. How do I do a cost

  • cost-benefit analysis definition

    Cost-Benefit Analysis Definition

    07.07.2020· Cost Test: A standard test applied to a process to determine if the net present value of costs associated with an activity will exceed a benchmark or other limit. Cost tests are

  • procurement analysis 5 ways to saving purchasing costs

    Procurement Analysis 5 Ways to Saving Purchasing Costs

    Cost Analysis Obviously, the first thing that you will look at is the actual cost to purchase the goods is. Costs do not stop there unfortunately, there are also the costs incurred for delivery, handling and storage. You may also have a supplier that requires advanced payments. So if you are ordering large items that take several people to move and you have to pay for them to be delivered

  • evaluation of straw and polythene mulch for enhancing

    Evaluation of straw and polythene mulch for enhancing

    30.10.2006· Economic analysis of various mulches based on yield data of experiment-3 The cost of cultivation of groundnut was computed on the basis of the following operations performed and materials used for growing the crops; seed (100 kg ha −1), seed bed preparation (one ploughing, two harrowing), wheat straw (5 t ha −1), sowing including spreading of straw/polythene (10 labourers), harvesting

  • estimated costs and returns for establishing and producing

    Estimated Costs and Returns for Establishing And Producing

    Estimated Costs and Returns for Establishing And Producing Asparagus in Washington in 2009 J. Shannon Neibergs and Tim Waters1 Washington State University Extension Abstract This bulletin provides a budget analysis of producing a 40-acre asparagus field under center pivot irrigation in the Columbia Basin area of Washington. An enterprise budget

  • potential u.s. production and processing for example

    Potential U.S. Production and Processing For example

    farmer costs and returns, are important considerations when evaluating industrial hemp as a potential U.S. crop. Revenue is dependent on yields and market prices. Generally, the lower the market price, the greater the yield must be for producers to break even or make a profit. In addition, U.S. experience with kenaf and flax may lend insights into the processing hurdles hemp may face in the

  • march 2014 agricultural value chain analysis in

    March 2014 AGRICULTURAL VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS IN

    march 2014 agricultural value chain analysis in northern uganda: maize, rice, groundnuts, sunflower and sesame mr. ian dalipagic dr. gabriel elepu

  • cost-benefit analysis: advantages, limitations, examples

    Cost-Benefit Analysis: Advantages, Limitations, Examples

    Process of cost-benefit analysis. A cost-benefit analysis is possible only after you have compiled a comprehensive list of all the costs and benefits that are relevant to the project. The costs include. Indirect costs include utilities, rent, overhead costs and electricity; Direct costs include manufacturing expenses, raw materials, direct labor associated with manufacturing and inventory

  • cost-benefit analysis definition

    Cost-Benefit Analysis Definition

    07.07.2020· Cost Test: A standard test applied to a process to determine if the net present value of costs associated with an activity will exceed a benchmark or other limit. Cost tests are

  • what is returns to scale economics? thoughtco

    What Is Returns to Scale Economics? ThoughtCo

    10.05.2018· Returns to scale are determined by analyzing the firm's long-run production function, which gives output quantity as a function of the amount of capital (K) and the amount of labor (L) that the firm uses, as shown above. Let's discuss each of the possibilities in turn. 02. of 06. Increasing Returns to Scale . Put simply, increasing returns to scale occur when a firm's output more than scales

  • a cost and returns evaluation of alternative dairy

    A cost and returns evaluation of alternative dairy

    A cost and returns evaluation of alternative dairy products to determine capital investment and operational feasibility of a small-scale dairy processing facility. Becker KM(1), Parsons RL, Kolodinsky J, Matiru GN. Author information: (1)Department of Community Development and Applied Economics, University of Vermont, Burlington 05405, USA. Kenneth.Becker@uvm.edu This study examines the

  • olumakinde, o. (2013), groundnut oil processing factory:

    Olumakinde, O. (2013), Groundnut Oil Processing Factory:

    Olumakinde, O. (2013), Groundnut Oil Processing Factory: A Business (92.3% and 91.6%) components of processing costs for RMP-12 and Ex-dakar groundnut varieties respectively. The gross ratio and operating ratio were all < 1, meaning that the business was profitable. Also, the returns per naira of RMP-12 and Ex-dakar were ₦ 0.17 ($ 0.0006) and ₦ 0.25 ($0.0009) respectively. The

  • groundnut oil production how to start business plan

    Groundnut Oil Production How to Start Business Plan

    Groundnut Oil Production Market Potential Groundnuts are a popular source of food throughout the world. Groundnut oil is used for cooking food and as a shortening or as a base for confectioneries and they can be used to make peanut butter. Groundnut oil ranks at the top among edible oils exported from India. It is a premium oil and its cost is

  • what is cost analysis? definition and meaning business

    What is Cost Analysis? definition and meaning Business

    Cost Analysis Definition: In economics, the Cost Analysis refers to the measure of the cost output relationship, i.e. the economists are concerned with determining the cost incurred in hiring the inputs and how well these can be re-arranged to increase the productivity (output) of the firm.

  • potential u.s. production and processing for example

    Potential U.S. Production and Processing For example

    farmer costs and returns, are important considerations when evaluating industrial hemp as a potential U.S. crop. Revenue is dependent on yields and market prices. Generally, the lower the market price, the greater the yield must be for producers to break even or make a profit. In addition, U.S. experience with kenaf and flax may lend insights into the processing hurdles hemp may face in the

  • processing.org

    Processing.org

    Processing is a flexible software sketchbook and a language for learning how to code within the context of the visual arts. Since 2001, Processing has promoted software literacy within the visual arts and visual literacy within technology. There are tens of thousands of students, artists, designers, researchers, and hobbyists who use Processing for learning and prototyping. » Free to download